Periodontitis is unfortunately common but usually preventable with good oral hygiene and regular dental visits. The cause is calculus (tartar) buildup below the gumline and an overactive immune response to it (genetic). Symptoms include swollen, red, bleeding, and sometimes tender gums which can lead to bone loss. Swollen gums and bone loss create “pockets” around the teeth which can harbor more plaque and tartar resulting in further bone loss and eventual tooth loss.
Treatment includes professionally cleaning the pockets around teeth to prevent damage to surrounding bone:
Advanced cases of periodontal disease may result in extractions and or other surgical interventions.